Tests for Web Applications: Step-by-Step Procedure to get it right

Computers & Technology

  • Author Sanjib Kumar Das
  • Published September 14, 2022
  • Word count 2,251

We've all experienced an instance where a particular bug completely destroyed the user experience of our apps. The reason is simple: the absence of testing for web applications.

The issue is that the likelihood of a bug surfacing increases with every passing year of code, and the expenses of fixing bugs rise as time passes.

With a thorough web testing process, the opposite is not likely to occur. If the app tests go smoothly, the app is ready to be released. It's that simple.

If development is conducted by using Agile methods It is essential for you to "mix" the test phase and the development phase correctly.

Web Test: The Basic Steps

If you're planning to create the application correctly it is essential to go through the 6 phases of testing. Let's look at each step!

Step 1 Functionality Testing

What exactly is a Web application? The initial step in the testing phase is to ensure that the application on the internet is working as intended. Functionality testing tests the connection to databases and all hyperlinks in web pages and cookies, as well as forms that are used to submit and/or collect information from users, etc.

It is recommended to start during the early stages of development in order to accelerate the entire development process, and also reduce risk when the app is finished process. It's all about performing an array of tasks which can be accomplished by using an application program or using a human tester.

Now you can compare them to the expected results. The task must be performed several times using different information inputs. If the accuracy is identical each time, the application is considered to be functionally right.

Of course, nobody expects every tiny issue to be resolved each time, but testing websites regularly can help us to design apps that work as efficiently as they can.

Step 2 Usability Testing

When you think about ways to test a site the next step is to conduct usability tests.

It's not the exact test as the tests for User Acceptance because the objectives are completely distinct, and so are the phases of development of the app where these tests are carried out.

Testing for usability can be performed through the use of external testers who replicate your desired users or internally by the developers themselves. If you're looking to conduct tests outside of your company but aren't sure where to look for the right testers, apps such as Apple's TestFlight could be a good option.

The usability test can be broken up into 4 phases:

• Designing the testing strategy so that all aspects that the application performs are tested including navigation and content

• Conducting the test with the experts from the team

• Examining results and improving your application in line with the results.

Step 3. Interface Testing

The test on the web page will determine whether all interactions between the server running the application with the website server is running smoothly. Not just the communication process must be checked, but, but the display of error messages too. This test is used to test whether interruptions caused by the server or by the user are dealt with appropriately.

Step 4 Test Compatibility

In this day and age of portable devices and different screens, it is crucial to test compatibility in order to make sure that your website app will display as it should on every device type.

The app developers must conduct a browser compatibility test to determine if the app displays correctly across various browsers. Another test you can run is the mobile browser compatibility test that, as the name implies, is meant to verify that the app is displayed correctly on mobile devices.

Operating systems can display components of apps in different ways. This is the reason it's crucial to conduct tests for compatibility on the most operating systems possible, including the most well-known ones like Windows, Mac, and Linux as well as various popular browsers like Chrome, Internet Explorer, Safari, Firefox etc.

Step 5 Test of Performance

When you've established that your application is functional and responsive, you must test the app's performance under heavy load. Tests for performance include testing at different speeds of the internet and also under peak and normal loads.

In a larger context, it could be beneficial to check the overall performance of your web server at a minimum level by using an automated website speed test, since page speed can affect user experience quite greatly, and impacts the SEO of your website's public page. This post offers a clear idea of how a basic performance test for speed could be conducted using free tools, and also how to utilize the information to develop an optimization strategy. This isn't a deep test of performance or stress test however, it's a good start.

It involves placing the app under increasing levels of pressure until it ceases functioning. In the end, you have to find the app's breaking point prior to the users discovering it.

Step 6: Security Testing

When the application has been developed after it is developed, it must be checked to ensure security. This kind of testing involves various methods to find weaknesses and improve them to the greatest extent possible.

Typically, a variety of maliciously crafted attacks are utilized to determine how an application reacts and performs in these conditions. If security weaknesses are found it is crucial to figure out the best method to get around the weaknesses.

Here are the fundamental steps for security testing:

• Understanding the security objectives and planning the test by looking at the security requirements of each

• The app's security needs can be identified

• Collecting information about the components used in developing the application, including the OS as well as hardware, technology, and so on.

• Making the threat profile Based on the vulnerabilities listed and threats

• The preparation of the Security tests document for the case

• Executing the Security test case execution, fixing any identified issues and retesting

• The creation of a comprehensive report on security-related testing including problems that were solved and the ones that persist

This is a fantastic course that explains the fundamentals (and over) of Ethical hacking as well as Penetration Testing for web applications.

The Best Application Testing Tools for Web Application Evaluation Tools

All you need to do is to find the appropriate web-based application test tools. Let's examine some of them specifically made for testing web-based.


Zephyr is the most used online application testing tool and with good reasons. These are the key features of Zephyr:

• One-click integration one-click integration JIRA, Confluence, Jenkins, Bamboo and many others.

• Cloud Server, Cloud and Data Center Optional Deployment

• Advanced Analytics as well as DevOps Dashboards

• No commitment to a year-long contract is required.


TestLink is an open-source tool designed to assist you in managing the testing of your website in the most efficient way. You will find features like:

• Charts Support

• Metrics Support

• Testing creation and execution

• A user-friendly interface

• Defect Recording

practice test

PractiTest is an excellent tool for testing web-based applications and development. It lets you:

• Make your own manual tests, and then arrange them according to sprints, cycles, etc.

• Integrate your manual testing into your automation and CI process; Other integrations include but aren't restricted to JIRA, Pivotal Tracker,

YouTrack, FogBugz, Bugzilla, Redmine, GitHub, Selenium, JUnit, SoapUI, QTP, Jenkins, Circle CI, and Slack.

• Reuse tests and compare results between different versions and products

• Let your product go with confidence, and with control


TestComplete is an intuitive UI testing tool that is based on artificial intelligence. It is compatible with a range of scripting languages, as well as diverse testing techniques.

With TestComplete, you are able to:

• Test each application with the ability to recognize objects using AI

• Automate and manage GUI tests quickly and easily

• You can decide to script or not script using the flexibility of test automation

• Use your functional tests

• Make use of an automation tool designed to allow continuous testing

• Profit from the excellent customer service

Other features that are useful include:

• Support for 7 scripting languages

• Ability to create powerful automated tests without any scripting expertise

• Industry-leading object recognition

• Complete capability to track and report on defects


Selenium is an open-source tool used for web application testing. It is able to automate across multiple OS such as Mac, Windows, and Linux It can also automate across the most used browsers like Chrome, Firefox, IE, Headless Browsers etc. It can support a variety of programming languages used for testing scripts such as Java, Python, C#, Ruby, JavaScript, PHP, and Perl.

This course offers the basics of using Selenium in under 2 hours.

HP UFT (aka QTP)

If you're not sure how to test web-based software, HP UFT/QTP might be just what you're looking for.

This tool is a great way to automate all kinds of software which include but not only: Web, Desktop, SAP, Delphi, Net, ActiveX, Flex, Java, Oracle, Mobile, PeopleSoft, PowerBuilder, Siebel, Stingray, Visual Basic etc.

Here are a few of the principal features of the system:

• Broad support for technology

• Continuous testing

• 1-click manual to automatization

• Testing of APIs and web services

• UFT Mobile

• Tests using keywords or scripts

• The design was created to facilitate collaboration

There are two options: Unified Functional Testing (UFT) and Lean Functional Testing.

A few of the other features Lean FT includes are:

• Test your ideas using Visual Studio using C#

• Create tests in Eclipse using Java

• Source Control / Version Control Tools

• Open Source TDD & BDD Framework Integration


Tricentis is a solution which supports more than 150 distinct technologies to assist you in planning and building, maintaining, and conducting reliable end-to-end tests.

It can support 3 types of tests:

• Agile dev testing

• Continuous testing automated

• Testing load distribution

The capabilities of this device include

• Predictive analytics

• Agile management of tests

• Service virtualization

• Design that is based on risk

• Reporting

• Test data management

• Cloud provisioning

It is compatible with all types of protocols, not only HTTP(s) JMS, AMQP, Rabbit MQ, TIBCO EMC, SOAP, REST, IBM MQ, NET TCP and many more.


As the name suggests, Bugzilla will help you find bugs within your applications. Furthermore, Bugzilla comes with many useful tools, including:

• Optimized database structure to improve performance and the ability to scale.

• Great security to safeguard the confidential information

• An advanced query tool which will keep track of your searches

• Integrated email capabilities

• Complete user profiles with editable profiles for users and email preferences

• A comprehensive system of permissions

• The system has been exposed under fire by Mozilla's bug-tracking system has been exposed as a bug tracking

Here are some of the advantages:

• Increase product quality

• Enhance customer satisfaction

• Ensure accountability

• Improve productivity

• Bugzilla is adaptable to many scenarios

Sauce Labs

Sauce Labs is a continuous testing cloud, ensuring that mobile apps function flawlessly on every device operating system, operating systems, as well as browser.

The main features include:

• Automated web-based testing

• Mobile app testing

• Continuously testing experts

• Comprehensive coverage

• Security and scalability for enterprises

Sauce Labs offers 4 different subscription plans. You can explore all the included features and pick the one that best suits your requirements and budget.

LoadUI Pro

LoadUI Pro from Smartbear is a fantastic tool to create load tests. You can also get complete reports of the results. Here's the way it works:

Rapidly create load tests for API

• Check for performance and scalability of the latest changes to your APIs within minutes

• Check out API performance previews prior to release to production environments

• Performance information for shifts is further to the left, allowing developers can write more robust code

Learn through real-time load tests for APIs

• You can throw multiple loads of traffic into your API at the same time

• Record mobile device traffic and then replay it in large volumes

• See the results of a load test of your server and the resources of your network

Simulate traffic from the cloud, or on-premise

• Generate loads using Windows as well as Linux nodes

• You can send a mixture of off-premise or on-premise traffic

Visualize the effect of your server's load

• Operating Systems Linux as well Windows performance collections

• Web Service: IIS, Apache, Tomcat, WebLogic

• Databases: MySQL performance

Complete load testing of API

• Reduce time by re-using API functional tests to load-testing workload

• Make use of dynamic data during the API load tests to provide more realistic simulations

• Virtualize APIs external to the system that does not permit or handle load tests well.

• In order to beat 3rd party rate limitations and charge overage fees during the load test

Case Completion

Case Complete is an excellent tool that can be used for:

• Storage Requirements

• Identifying missing, undefined or not yet identified requirements that are not defined

• The traceability of requirements

• Integration via Test Management Tools

• Requirements and Coverage

What is testing on web applications? This article has explained the significance of this aspect of the development process and the essential steps to follow to ensure that your app is tested properly.

Regular testing of web applications reduces the possibility of bugs destroying the user experience and also provides you with a more complete picture of the performance of your app as well as its strengths and where weaknesses. The software for testing web applications is compatible with the most recent developments in web development and technology.

If you liked this article about testing web applications then you must read this one on web development of applications.

Also, we wrote on related subjects, such as web technologies and the latest trends in web development.

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