TMJ Dysfunction: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Health & FitnessMedicine

  • Author Leslie Trigg
  • Published April 3, 2019
  • Word count 440

TMJ or the Temporomandibular Joints refers to the joints of the jaw, which are used frequently during eating, talking and yawning. These joints are present at either side of the jaw and are responsible for connecting the jaw to the skull. TMJ dysfunction or TMD (temporomandibular disorders) describes pain encountered within this region, either in the joints themselves or muscles responsible for controlling movement. If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, a TMJ physio will be able to diagnose and treat your condition accordingly.

Symptoms

Symptoms of TMJ dysfunction vary and can occur from both direct and indirect sources. Common symptoms include (but are not limited to):

  • Pain in the jaw

  • Clicking or popping of the jaw

  • Difficulty when chewing

  • Grinding of the teeth

  • Limited jaw opening

  • Inability to clench jaw

  • Headaches or tension in the facial region

  • A blocked or ringing sensation of the ear

If you are experiencing any of the above-listed symptoms, it would be wise to seek advice from an experienced physio for TMJ pain and commence an appropriate treatment plan.

Causes

More often than not, the cause of TMJ dysfunction is identifiable. The joints of the jaw move both by hinging and sliding, so interruptions to such can cause the above-mentioned symptoms. Such interruptions include but are not limited to:

  • Disc derangement or displacement

  • Misalignment of the discs or joints

  • Arthritis

  • Trauma

  • Nocturnal grinding of teeth

Diagnosis

Before commencing an appropriate treatment plan, your TMJ physio will undertake a range of tests as part of an initial assessment including measuring the range of motion of your jaw, the coordination of your jaw joints, assessing muscle length and identifying any abnormality in movement pattern including clicking, locking or grinding.

Treatment

When approaching TMJ treatment, Perth-based physiotherapists will prescribe a clear explanation of your condition and an appropriate program for your situation.

TMJ Perth physiotherapist will prescribe according to your unique condition and symptoms experienced. Treatment options include various manual treatment techniques including joint mobilisation, massage and dry needling. Your physio for TMJ pain may also prescribe you exercises and jaw stretches to increase the range of motion and train the muscles of the jaw.

It is recommended to seek treatment if you are suffering from TMJ symptoms as there are risks involved in persisting with prolonged symptoms including arthritis and persistent disc dysfunction. To avoid these risks and overcome TMJ dysfunction, seek advice from a TMJ physio and commence your treatment plan immediately. When seeking treatment for TMJ dysfunction with an experienced TMJ physio, patients typically experience a high success rate.

To avoid these risks and overcome TMJ dysfunction, seek advice from a TMJ physio and commence your treatment plan immediately. When seeking treatment for TMJ dysfunction with an experienced TMJ physio, patients typically experience a high success rate.https://www.integrityphysio.com.au/jaw-pain-and-dysfunction/

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