The Jewish Lobby
- Author Jim Bracco
- Published January 16, 2024
- Word count 4,076
The Jewish Lobby
List of worldwide nongovernmental Jewish political organizations
The Jewish organizations listed here are political organizations devoted to Jewish political concerns, the leaders of which make up the Jewish Lobby, influencing the politics of their host countries. Such concerns include Israel, legal aspects to the definition of “antisemitism,” the public perception of the Judaism, how Judaism is treated in social interactions, and other parameters that determine the role of a Jewish minority in a larger, non-Jewish population. These leaders are the organized political arm of the Jewish community.
Not included here are other Jewish groups, such as religious and charitable groups that are not directly politically oriented, even though much of Jewish money that goes to Israel via such groups does technically contribute to the political power of Israel. The vast majority of these organizations are in the US and most the remainder are in England, France, Germany, and a few in Israel.
At the end of the list of Jewish groups are the relatively few non-Jewish groups that are known to promote Israeli political interests.
Additional comments on funding levels and political influence appear after the list.
Jewish Political Organizations
*Signifies US Political Action Committee (PAC)
#Signifies organizations in other countries
On this list, Current 2024: There are 354 total.
Number in the US: 274, of which 81 are PACS.
Number of foreign groups: 80.
Academic Friends of Israel
Academic Study Group on Israel
Allies for Israel*
Am Yisrael Foundation
American Friends of Kohelet Policy Forum
American Friends of Likud
American Friends of NGO Monitor
American Israel Education Foundation (AIEF)
American Israeli Cooperative Enterprise
American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC)
American Jewish Committee
American Jewish Congress
American Zionist Movement (comprised of 33 separate organizations)
American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise (AICE)
Americans for a Safe Israel
Americans for Good Government*
Americans for Tomorrow's Future
Americans United in Support of Democracy*
Anchorage Charitable Fund
Anti-Defamation League (ADL)
Arizona Politically Interested Citizens*
Atlantic Jewish Council
Avi Chai Foundation
B'nai B'rith International
B'nai B’rith Canada
Bard Center for the study of Hate
Bay Area Council for Soviet Jews
Because I Care PAC*
Board of Deputies of British Jews (affiliation with World Jewish Congress)#
Bristol Jewish Society (J-Soc, UK)
Britain Israel Communications & Research Centre (UK)#
California Legislative Jewish Caucus
Canadian Centre of Israel and Jewish Affairs#
Canadian Jewish Congress#
Canadian Jewish Political Affairs Committee#
Canadian Zionist Federation#
CEJI – A Jewish Contribution to an Inclusive Europe#
Center for Jewish Community Studies (part of JCPA)
Center for Middle East Policy (within Brookings Institution)
Center for Security Policy
Central Conference of American Rabbis
Central Council of Jews#
Central Fund of Israel (CFI)
Central Massachusetts Chabad
Centralverein Deutscher Staatsburger Judischen Glaubens#
Centre for Israel and Jewish Affairs (CIJA, Canada)
Chabad of Westboro
Chicagoans for Better Congress*
Citizens Concerned for Natl Interest*
Citizens Organized PAC*
Civil Society Forum
Cleveland Council of Soviet Anti-Semitism
Coalition for Jewish Values (CJV)
Combat Anti-Semitism Movement (CAM)
Combat Antisemitism Movement CAM (Itself around 300 organizations)
Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting (CAMERA),
Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America (CAMERA)
Community Security Trust
Community Relations Committee of the Jewish Community Federation of Richmond
Community Relations Council of the United Jewish Federation of Tidewater
Community Relations Council of the United Jewish Community of the Virginia Peninsula
Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany#
Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations (unites 51 orgs)
Congressional Action Cmte of Texas*
Congressional Israel Allies Caucus (CIAC)
Congressional Jewish Congress
Connecticut Good Government PAC*
Conseil Reppresentatif des Institutions Juives de France#
Conservative Friends of Israel (UK)
Coordinating Council of Jerusalem
David Horowitz Freedom Center
David S. Wyman Institute for Holocaust Studies
Delaware Valley PAC*
Democratic Majority for Israel (DMFI)*
Democrats for Israel Committee*
East Midwood PAC*
Emergency Committee for Israel
Emerson Family Foundation
Eris & Larry Field Family Foundation
Ethics and Public Policy Center (EPPC)
European Jewish Association#
European Jewish Congress#
European Jewish Parliament#
European Union of Jewish Students#
Five Towns PAC*
Florida Congressional Committee*
Florida Jewish Democrats
Foreign Policy Initiative (PNAC 2.0)
Foreign Policy Research Institute
For Integrity in Govt PAC*
Foundation for the Defense of Democracies
Friends of Ir David
Friends of Israel*
Friends of Israel (UK)#
Friends of Israel Initiative
Friends of Israeli Defense Forces
Garden State PAC*
Georgia Citizens for Good Government*
German Committee for Ffeeing of Russian Jews#
German organization Honestly Concerned#
Gold Coast PAC*
Grand Canyon State Caucus*
Greater Los Angeles PAC*
Greater New York Conference on Soviet Jewry
Hadassah Women's Zionist Organization of America
Hanoar Hatzioi (HH, Israel)#
Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion
Hellen Diller Family Foundation
Herzl Institute in Jerusalem#
Hochberg Family Foundation
Holocaust Memorial Council
Honest Reporting Canada#
Hudson Valley PAC*
Independent Australian Jewish Voices#
Independent Jewish Voices (Canada) #
Independent Jewish Voices (US)
Initiative for the Interdisciplinary Study of Antisemitism: four centers:
Tel Aviv University#
Hebrew University of Jerusalem#
Technical University of Berlin#
Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies
Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis
Institute for the Study of Global Antisemitism and Policy
Institute for Zionist Strategies (Israel)#
Interdisciplinary Center (IDC Herzliya)#
International Council of Jewish Parliamentarians#
International Fellowship of Christians and Jews (aka Stand for Israel)
International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance#
International League Against Racism and Antisemitism#
International Legal Forum
Israel Allies Foundation
Israel Britain Alliance (UK)#
Israel Democracy Institute’s International Advisory Council#
Israel Hayom (biased newspaper in Israel, most widely distributed)#
Israel Land Fund (ILF)#
Israel on Campus Coalition#
Israel Policy Forum#
Israel Institute of New Zealand (IINZ)#
Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs#
J Street PAC*
Jacobson Family Foundation
Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs#
Jewish Agency for Israel#
Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee#
Jewish Community Federation of San Francisco
Jewish Community Foundation of Los Angeles
Jewish Community Relations Council of New York
Jewish Community Relations Council of Greater Washington
Jewish Council for Education & Research*
Jewish Council for Public Affairs
Jewish Daily Forward
Jewish Defense League
Jewish Democratic Council of America (JDCA)
Jewish Federations of North America (JFNA)
Jewish Federation of Cincinnati Hillel
Jewish Federation of Greater Philadelphia
Jewish Institute for National Security of America (JINSA)
Jewish Leadership Conference
Jewish Leadership Council (UK)#
Jewish Labor Movement (UK)#
Jewish National Fund (KKL-JNF, Israel)#
Jewish National Fund – USA
Jewish National Fund – Canada#
Jewish News Syndicate
Jewish Party (Czechoslovakia)#
Jewish Party (Romania)#
Jewish Socialists' Group#
Jewish Virtual Library
Jewish Voice for Labour#
Jews for Israeli-Palestinian Peace#
Jim Joseph Foundation
JNF Charitable Trust (Jewish National Fund – UK)#
Joint Action Cmte for Political Affairs*
Keren Keshet Foundation
Klarman Family Foundation
Kohelet Policy Forum
Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation
The Louis D. Brandeis Center for Human Rights Under Law
Louisiana for American Security*
Maryland Assn For Concerned Citizens*
Massachusetts Congr Campaign Cmte*
Michigan Democratic Jewish Caucus
Middle East Forum
Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI)
Middle East & Central Asia Research Center (MECARC, at Aria University)#
Milstein Family Foundation
Ministry of Diaspora Affairs (Israel government)#
Ministry of Strategic Affairs (Israel government)#
Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies#
Muslim-Jewish Advisory Council
National Action Committee*
National Bipartisan PAC*
National Coalition Supporting Soviet Jewry
National Jewish Democratic Council*
NC Jewish Caucus
Never Again Action
New Fraternal Jewish Association
New Jersey Democratic State Committee Jewish Caucus
New Jersey-Israel Commission
Newton and Rochelle Becker Charitable Trust
New York State Young Democrats Jewish Caucus
North Jersey PAC/ NorPAC*
Northern Californians for Good Govt*
Office to Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism (Official US Fed Gov Office!)
The Public Diplomacy Directorate (Israeli office)
PAC of Cherry Hill, NJ*
Palestinian Media Watch
Partners for Progressive Israel
Pennsylvania Jewish Legislative Caucus
Pinsker Center (at King’s College London)#
KCL Israel Society (at King’s College London)#
City Israel Society (at King’s College London)#
Pro-Israel America PAC*
Religious Zionists of America
Republican Jewish Coalition*
Reut Group (formerly the Reut Institute, Israel)#
Rita & Irwin Hochberg Family Foundation (aka, Defense of Democracies)
Sacramento Area Good Govt Assn*
Samuel Neaman Institute for National Policy Research#
San Diego Community PAC*
San Franciscans for Good Government*
Scholars for Peace in the Middle East (SPME)#
Scottish Council of Jewish Communities#
Shalem Center in Jerusalem#
Shiloh Policy Forum
Shurat HaDin (aka. Israel Law Center ILC)#
Silver State PAC*
Simon Wiesenthal Center
South Carolinians for Representative Govt*
South Florida Caucus*
Stand With Us (aka, Israel Emergency Alliance)
St Louis PAC*
St Louisians for Better Government*
Student Struggle for Soviet Jewry (SSSJ)
Swedish Zionist Federation#
Sussex Friends of Israel (UK)#
Tehran Jewish Committee#
Tennesseans For Better Government*
The Coexistence Trust#
To Protect Our Heritage PAC*
Union des Progressistes Juifs de Belgique#
Union for Reform Judaism (URJ) (aka, Union of Amrcn Hebrw Congrtns UAHC)
Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion (arm of UAHC)
Central Conference of American Rabbis (second arm of UAHC)
Union of Councils for Soviet Jews (UCSJ)
Union of Jewish Students (UK)#
Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America
United Americans In Israel*
United Democracy Project (from AIPAC)*
United Jewish Israel Appeal#
United with Israel#
U.S. House of Representatives Jewish Caucus
US Israel PAC*
Virginia Congressional Committee*
Washington Institute for Near East Policy (WINEP)
We Believe in Israel (UK)#
Westchester Allied PAC*
William Rosenwald Family Fund
Women's Alliance for Israel / World Alliance for Israel*
Women's International Zionist Organization (WIZO)#
Women's Pro-Israel National PAC*
Women’s Zionist Organization of America
World Jewish Congress#
World Jewish Congress American Section (Fund raising arm)
World Union for Progressive Judaism (WUPJ)# (Umbrella Organization)
World Union of Jewish Students#
World Zionist Organization#
Yehuda and Anne Neuberger Foundation
Yesha Council (in Israel)
Young Jewish Leadership PAC*
Zionist Federation of Germany#
Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland (Reps over 30 organizations)#
Zionist General Council#
Zionist Organization of America*
Non-Jewish Political Organizations
Christian Broadcasting Network
Christian Television Network
Christians United for Israel (John Hagee)
Stand for Israel
Day of Prayer for the Peace of Jerusalem
Funding Levels of Organizations
Jewish Political Action Committees (PAC) contributed to a total of $71,300,000 to US elections from 1990 to 2020, with an average of $3,400,000 per year, and in the years 2016 – 2020, the average was $8,300,000 per year: https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/pro-israel-pacs-campaign-contributions
The term “Israel Lobby” that most writers use for this Lobby fails to do justice to the extraordinary scope and composition of this special interest group, since the Lobby addresses all Jewish political concerns, not just Israel, the leaders of the US Jewish political organizations above are virtually all US Jewish citizens, and the number and impact of non-Jewish organizations that support Israel is minuscule compared to this huge block of Jewish organizations.
Shown below are funding levels of some of the above organizations, and contributions to most them are tax-deductible donations (according to Allison Weir). The above link to the Jewish Virtual Library provides funding levels for some of the individually named PACs in the list.
• The American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC): $100s million endowment; $100 million annual revenues.
• The American Israel Education Foundation (AIEF): $26 million annual revenues.
• The Washington Institute for Near East Policy (WINEP): $23.5 million net assets. $9.4 million annual revenues.
• Anti-Defamation League (ADL): $115 million net assets, $60 million annual revenues.
• International Fellowship of Christians and Jews (aka Stand for Israel): $100 million annual revenues.
• The Israel Project: $11 million annual budget.
• Friends of the Israeli Defense Forces (FIDF): $80 million net assets, $60 million annual revenues.
• Hadassah (Women’s Zionist Organization of America): $400 million net assets, $100 million annual revenues.
• The Jim Joseph Foundation: $837 million net assets.
• The Avi Chai Foundation: $615 million total assets.
• Jewish Federations: $3 billion annual revenues.
• Jewish Community Relations Councils, in cities all over U.S.: Boston annual revenues $2.5 million; Louisville annual revenues $7-10 million; Detroit $734,000, New York $4.5 million, etc.
• Hillel: Over $26 million.
• JINSA Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs: $3 million annual revenues.
• Center for Security Policy: $4 million annual revenues.
• Foreign Policy Initiative (PNAC 2.0): $1.5 million annual revenues.
• MEMRI Middle East Media Research Institute: $5.2 million.
• Birthright: $55 million.
• David Project: $4.4 million.
• CAMERA Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America: $3.5 million.
Various Facts and Comments
- Jewish Funding Levels of Politicians
As of January 2024, the top ten US politicians getting Jewish money since 1990 are:
#1 Joe Biden, $4,346,264
Biden is a key figure in securing record sums of U.S. aid to the Jewish state and helped block a 1998 peace proposal with Palestine. He stated that there are “no red lines” that Israel could cross that would result in a loss of American support, giving Israeli Jews a carte blanche to break any rules, norms or laws they want, resulting in Apartheid, ethnic cleansing, and war crimes such as the bombing of schools, hospitals and places of worship, mass starvation, collective deadly punishment, including the use of white phosphorous munitions on civilians. Most all the arms Israel is using come supplied directly by the U.S. In November, 2023, the Biden administration rubber-stamped another $14.5 billion military aid package to Israel, ensuring the carnage would continue, and enrolling themselves in likely war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide.
#2 Robert Menéndez, $2,483,205
He claims that Israel, based on Zionism, a form of fascism, and the United States are intrinsically linked and were founded on the same principles.
#3 Mitch McConnell, $1,953,160
He’s famous for his attempt to force through legislation criminalizing BDS, in direct violation of our first Amendments rights to free speech.
#4 Chuck Schumer, $1,725,324
This long-time senator, a pillar of the US Jewish Community, has taken the lead in steering the public conversation away from Israel’s crimes and towards a supposed rise in antisemitism across America. “To us, the Jewish people, the rise in antisemitism is a crisis. A five-alarm fire that must be extinguished,” the New York Senator said, adding that “Jewish-Americans are feeling singled out, targeted and isolated. In many ways, we feel alone.” Schumer is a skilled obfuscator and propagandist for the Jewish Tribe, enhancing the propaganda efforts that Israel funds with tens of millions of dollars annually for its “Hasbara” efforts. The idea that antisemitic hate is exploding across the United States comes largely from a report published by the Anti-Defamation League (ADL), headed by Jonathan Greenblatt, which claims that antisemitic incidents have risen by 337% since October 7. Buried in the small print, however, is the fact that 45% of these “antisemitic” incidents the ADL has tallied are pro-Palestine, pro-peace marches calling for ceasefires, including ones led by Jewish groups like If Not Now or Jewish Voice for Peace. He writes:
“Today, too many Americans are exploiting arguments against Israel and leaping toward a virulent antisemitism. The normalization and intensifying of this rise in hate is the danger many Jewish people fear most.”
He labeled Dave Zirin, a Jewish journalist, as an antisemite for supporting Palestinians. Schumer has led the US Senate to push through military aid packages to Israel, even as it carries out actions many have labeled war crimes, writing that:
“One of the most important tasks we must finish is taking up and passing a funding bill to ensure we, as well as our friends and partners in Ukraine, Israel, and the Indo-Pacific region, have the necessary military capabilities to confront and deter our adversaries and competitors.”
#5 Steny Hoyer, $1,620,294
Hoyer demanded that “Congress must immediately and unconditionally fund Israel,” and give Netanyahu the green light to do whatever he pleases. And referring to Israel, which Jews established via settler colonization of Palestine, and in which Jews maintain illegal occupations, “..this is your place of security, this is your place of sovereignty, this is your place of safety.”
Hoyer also voted in favor of a bill stating that anti-Zionism is inherently antisemitic, thereby declaring all criticism of Israel to be invalid and racist.
#6 Ted Cruz, $1,299,194
On an interview with Breaking Point on YouTube, Cruz said, "I don’t condemn anything Israel does" just after the interviewer quoted an Israeli spokesman of advocating the use of a nuclear bomb on Gaza.
#7 Ron Wyden, $1,279,376
In 2017, he co-sponsored a bill that made it a federal crime, punishable by a maximum prison sentence of 20 years, for Americans to participate in or even encourage boycotts against Israel and illegal Israeli settlements. Such a bill would be in direct violation of the First Amendment.
#8 Dick Durbin, $1,126,020
He owes his political career to the Israel lobby. In 1982, the then-obscure college professor benefitted enormously from AIPAC money to defeat incumbent Paul Findley, a strong proponent of the Palestinian people. Recently, he called for immediate military aid to Israel and co-signed a senate resolution reaffirming Washington’s support for Israel’s “right to self-defense” in the wake of October 7.
#9 Josh Gottheimer, $1,109,370
He co-sponsored a bill equating opposition to Israeli government policy with antisemitism and introduced legislation to block and criminalize boycotting the state of Israel. He tried to pressure Rutgers University into calling off an event that protested for Palestinian rights. He wrote, “Last night, 15 of my Democratic colleagues voted AGAINST standing with our ally Israel and condemning Hamas terrorists who brutally murdered, raped, and kidnapped babies, children, men, women, and elderly, including Americans. They are despicable and do not speak for our party,”
#10 Shontel Brown, $1,028,686
She wrote, “Let’s be clear: Israel is not an apartheid state. Any mischaracterizations otherwise attempt to delegitimize Israel, a robust democracy, and will only serve to fuel rising antisemitism. I will always advocate for a strong U.S.-Israel relationship founded on our shared values.” She received more pro-Israel money than any other politician nationwide during the 2021-2022 election cycle, helping her overcome a double-digit polling deficit to defeat Nina Turner, a democratic socialist and former co-chair of Bernie Sanders’ 2020 campaign.
- The Center for Responsive Politics
The Center for Responsive Politics, publisher of OpenSecrets.org, tracks all lobbies and PACs, and describes the 'background' of those 'Pro-Israel' PACs as, "A nationwide network of local political action committees, generally named after the region their donors come from, supplies much of the pro-Israel money in US politics. Additional funds also come from individuals who bundle contributions to candidates favored by the PACs. The donors' unified goal is to build stronger Israel-United States relations and to support Israel in its negotiations and armed conflicts with its Arab neighbors."
The Center for Responsive Politics: 1990–2006 data shows that "pro-Israel interests have contributed $56.8 million in individual, group and soft money donations to federal candidates and party committees since 1990." [$3.6 mpy] In contrast, Arab-Americans and Muslims PACs contributed slightly less than $800,000 during the same (1990–2006) period. In 2006, 60% of the Democratic Party's fundraising and 25% of that for the Republican Party's fundraising came from Jewish-funded PACs. According to a Washington Post estimate, Democratic presidential candidates depend on Jewish sources for as much as 60% of money raised from private sources.
AIPAC president Howard Friedman says "AIPAC meets with every candidate running for Congress. These candidates receive in-depth briefings to help them completely understand the complexities of Israel's predicament and that of the Middle East as a whole. We even ask each candidate to author a 'position paper' on their views of the US-Israel relationship – so it's clear where they stand on the subject."
According to Mitchell Bard, Israel lobbyists also educate politicians by:
taking them to Israel on study missions. Once officials have direct exposure to the country, its leaders, geography, and security dilemmas, they typically return more sympathetic to Israel. Politicians also sometimes travel to Israel specifically to demonstrate to the lobby their interest in Israel. Thus, for example, George W. Bush made his one and only trip to Israel before deciding to run for President in what was widely viewed as an effort to win pro-Israel voters' support.
Mearsheimer and Walt quote Morris Amitay, former AIPAC director as saying, "It's almost politically suicidal ... for a member of Congress who wants to seek reelection to take any stand that might be interpreted as anti-policy of the conservative Israeli government." They also quote a Michael Massing article in which an unnamed staffer sympathetic to Israel said, "We can count on well over half the House – 250 to 300 members – to do reflexively whatever AIPAC wants." Similarly they cite former AIPAC official Steven Rosen illustrating AIPAC's power for Jeffrey Goldberg by putting a napkin in front of him and saying, "In twenty-four hours, we could have the signatures of seventy senators on this napkin."
American journalist Michael Massing argues that there is a lack of media coverage on the Israel lobby and posits this explanation: "Why the blackout? For one thing, reporting on these groups is not easy. AIPAC's power makes potential sources reluctant to discuss the organization on the record, and employees who leave it usually sign pledges of silence. AIPAC officials themselves rarely give interviews, and the organization even resists divulging its board of directors." Massing writes that in addition to AIPAC's efforts to maintain a low profile, "journalists, meanwhile, are often loath to write about the influence of organized Jewry. ... In the end, though, the main obstacle to covering these groups is fear." Steven Rosen, a former director of foreign-policy issues for AIPAC, explained to Jeffrey Goldberg of The New Yorker that "a lobby is like a night flower: it thrives in the dark and dies in the sun."
Why so much political activity by Jews?
Here’s the Jewish Manifesto:
The Jewish Manifesto
"We had enough. No more will we be victims. The Holocaust was the last straw. Never again!
“We will fight for our existence, and too bad the Palestinians got in the way, but our survival as a Tribe is at stake, and we will make sure our refuge, the Jewish State, is restored to Eretz Yisrael and strong enough to forever ensure our Tribal survival in this world that mostly hates us.
“G-d reserved this land for us and we are claiming it for the second time now. The first time was from the Canaanites, and now it's from the Palestinian Arabs. This is what our G-d has promised us because we are the only ones chosen by the Almighty.
"And we will lie and obfuscate and even resort to Biblical fairy tales as much as necessary to fool both ourselves and everyone else, convincing everyone that we have a valid moral argument to support our settler-colonialism, illegal occupation, Apartheid System, theft of land, ethnic cleansing, daily murders, dispossession, assassinations, and unjust imprisonment of our fellow Semites, the Palestinian Arab people. And now, finally, we have shown that we will resort to genocide of the Palestinians, once we feel confident enough that we can get away with it, at least in the minds of our favorite superpower, the USA.
"We will not admit to lying and obfuscating, and the most we will admit is that 'We do what we have to do.'
"We do not take prisoners and we will assassinate you if we deem that you’re too much a threat to the Tribe, no matter who or where you are. We don't recognize any possible constraint another sovereign nation might attempt with us, and we consider Israel above all other nations or human organizations. All other people are individuals, not members of anything that has equal status to the Jewish Tribe. Our morality is uniquely Jewish Morality and we acknowledge no higher authority, either secular or moral.
"And we will violate democratic principles by means of our vast wealth in order to ensure that the US superpower, along with the UK and key EU nations, will provide unconditional political and military support for Israel, enrolling the entire US citizenry into being accomplice and accessory to the actions Israeli Jews take against the Palestinian peoples.
“We are in a constant state of war with the Gentiles, mostly below the surface, because they can attempt our extermination anytime at the drop of a hat. The Tribe is more important than any of us, or any other person, because of the benefits our leaders derive from it, because of its proven success as their business model. Although Jew Power benefits most of all our leaders, all Jews should exercise it, because the Tribe must prevail forever and vanquish any resisting individual, whether Jew or non-Jew.”e sun."
I'm one of many curious beings who try to explain the problematic nature of tribalism, any kind of tribalism and hope that we humans learn to establish our common humanity - now proven by DNA to be a scientific fact - as the basis for all our institutions, groups, and dealings with one another.Article source: https://articlebiz.com
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