Florida Phosphate Mitigation Dilemma
- Author Davey Crockett
- Published March 25, 2016
- Word count 629
Central Florida wetlands, bogs, marshes, springs, streams, and karst landscape cover valuable phosphate which the phosphate industry consumes for the production of fertilizers. The dragline is used to strip the natural landscape described above from the surface to reach the intended target, phosphate rock.
Phosphate industry officials are required to submit reclamation plans to be approved by Florida officials to return the stripped landscape to "beneficial use". Beneficial uses include "containing" rainwater, natural seepage earthen materials for water filtration, agriculture, cattle, ranching, and commercial development interests.
Past studies show previously stripped tracts of land reported as "reclaimed" are not functioning (3) as intended and do not "model" definition based reclaimed land requirements. However, researchers do not agree on a single model for untouched natural landscapes in central Florida, so study and research results differ from model to model.
Examples of definition based reclaimed land requirements include shaping the landscape to catch and retain rainwater, produce a continuous volume of seepage through earthen materials for fresh water filtration (percolation), (1) reconstruct the ability for the subsurface to "contain" water, and hydrogeological movement through the landscape.
One must create thousands of acres of very complex landscape including flora and fauna to return for permanent habitats while meeting state requirements. The phosphate industry cannot create the landscape by definition because the technology to do so does not exist.
So what can be done to mitigate severely disturbed landscape? One example phosphate industry officials can use to minimize stripping the land surface is to practice removing the earth only where the larger phosphate ore deposits are detected by instrumentation and can still meet state requirements for land reclamation standards. By not meeting state land reclamation policy requirements on stripped lands, drinking water will be adversely affected due to missing the "percolation" stages of water seepage (filtration), through earthen materials that contain water and erode naturally, (aquifers). Presently, phosphate industry officials do not use practices to minimize disturbances to the landscape.
Florida’s phosphate industry officials now bolster "mitigation" (2) as the new buzzword for use as a "smoke and mirror illusion". The United State Geological Survey, (USGS) states strip mined landscapes are specifically difficult to reclaim for "beneficial" use. Severely disturbed landscape is difficult and expensive at best to reclaim, but industry officials are now stating their new mitigation process will help during restoration of stripped landscape to beneficial uses for agriculture, cattle, drinking water, and commercial development. However, industry officials display no proof for their statements in general or specifics.
Historically, industry officials exhibit poor environmental stewardship and have very few, if any, successfully reclaim mined lands based on the definition of beneficial use set forth by Florida’s Environmental Protection Agency, (FEPA). In fact, FEPA officials stated reclaimed mined land in Lakeland; Florida neighborhoods are showing unsafe levels of radioactive emissions based on readings above the upper limit accepted, (5 -7 picocuries).
Interestingly, industry officials now say environmental mitigation will solve the issue of land reclamation to beneficial use. Why would one believe industry officials are being frank about their ability to address severe environmental impact issues through mitigation techniques they are unwilling to divulge? Many times over the past seven decades, industry officials "overstate" their ability to solve severe industry pollutant release issues they caused. The accidents happened due to being unprepared and negligent in their environmental responsibilities.
Incidentally, Florida taxpayers are burdened with the clean-up and costs of phosphate industry mishaps. These "accidents" cause severe environmental damage and cost hundreds of millions of dollars to taxpayers yearly.
Read more from Davey Crockett @ https://www.flmines.com/phpLD – Florida Mines
Sustainability and Water of WOA! , - overpopulation.org/water.html.
Relevance of compensatory mitigation for Florida's wetlands - jstor.org/stable/42861157.
NCSU - WETLAND MANAGEMENT. water.ncsu.edu/watershedss/info/wetlands/manage.html.
There are no posted comments.
- Where are the Insects?
- Classic Hunting Rifles Every Hunter Should Own
- THE RATIONAL MORAL STATUS OF NON-HUMAN NATURAL PHENOMENON: AN ETHICS OF ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
- Benefits Of Camping: How Camping Helps Our Environment: (Part 2: Reduce, Reuse & Recycle...Camp Style)
- Benefits Of Camping: How Camping Helps Our Environment (Part 1: Keeping Nature Natural)
- Why is Food Depackaged and How is it Done??
- POSITIVE IMPACT OF AVIATION ON MANKIND (UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES) - UAVs
- Is the multiverse real?
- Climate Change and Its Effect on Health in India
- Disposing of Oil
- AN OVERVIEW OF SUSTAINABILITY CHALLENGES OF NIGERIA IN RECENT TIMES
- Do the Government’s climate objectives really matter? Yes! But not to them.
- What to Know Before You Visit a CBD Dispensary for the First Time
- 5 companies with environmental responsibility
- Coronavirus- A new Normal
- Transitional Justice Demands Reparations for Louisiana Residents of Cancer Alley
- 5 Simple Ways To Go Green At Home
- How Greenhouse Gases Affect the atmosphere and Reversing Climate Change
- 6 Simple & Easy Ways To Help The Environment: At Home & At Work
- Are You Using The Best Soil For Bonsai?
- Tiboo launches bamboo-based paper products website
- Everything You Need To Know About Wind Turbine Technicians in the United States
- Climate change, what we can do to reduce effects of global warming
- Water Removal Solutions for Building Sites
- Five Facts About Renewable Energy That You Need To Know
- Not just cheap energy – why should you consider installing solar panels?
- What are the benefits of camping?
- 10 Most Practiced Economic Activities in Vietnam
- 9 Types of Economic Industries Found in Vietnam
- 5 Mineral Resources Found in Vietnam