Ketogenic Diet

Health & Fitness

  • Author Sanjana Pasindu
  • Published September 28, 2021
  • Word count 916

What is a ketogenic diet?

The ketogenic diet is a low-carb, high-fat diet that resembles the Atkins and low-carb diets in many ways. It entails substantially lowering carbohydrate intake and substituting fat. This decrease in carbs causes your body to enter a metabolic state known as ketosis. Your body becomes very effective at burning fat for energy when this happens It also causes fat to be converted to ketones in the liver, which can be used to provide energy to the brain. Ketogenic diets can lower blood sugar and insulin levels significantly. This, combined with the increased ketones, offers a number of health advantages. The ketogenic diet comes in a variety of forms, including:

• Standard ketogenic diet (SKD): This is a very low carb, moderate protein and high fat diet. It typically contains 70% fat, 20% protein, and only 10% carbs.

• Cyclical ketogenic diet (CKD): This diet involves periods of higher carb refeeds, such as 5 ketogenic days followed by 2 high carb days.

• Targeted ketogenic diet (TKD): This diet allows you to add carbs around workouts.

• High protein ketogenic diet: This is similar to a standard ketogenic diet. The ratio is often 60% fat, 35% protein, and 5% carbs.

• However, only the traditional and high-protein ketogenic diets have been thoroughly researched. More advanced ketogenic diets, such as cyclical or targeted ketogenic diets, are largely employed by bodybuilders and athletes.

• Although many of the same concepts apply to all variations of the ketogenic diet, the information in this article largely refers to the standard ketogenic diet (SKD).

What is ketosis?

It's a metabolic state in which your body burns fat instead of carbohydrates for energy. It occurs when you drastically restrict your carbohydrate intake, decreasing your body's availability of glucose (sugar), which is the cells' primary source of energy. The most effective strategy to enter ketosis is to eat a ketogenic diet. In general, this entails restricting carb intake to 20 to 50 grams per day and focusing on fats such meat, fish, eggs, nuts, and good fats. It's also crucial to keep your protein intake in check. This is because if you eat too much protein, it will be turned to glucose, which will slow down your ketosis.

Health benefits of keto

The ketogenic diet was originally developed to treat neurological illnesses like epilepsy. Studies have now proven that eating a healthy diet can help with a wide range of health issues:

• Heart disease. Body fat, HDL (good) cholesterol levels, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels can all benefit from a ketogenic diet.

• Cancer. Because it may help limit tumor growth, the diet is currently being researched as an additional cancer treatment.

• Alzheimer’s disease. The keto diet may assist to alleviate Alzheimer's disease symptoms and halt the disease's progression.

• Epilepsy. The ketogenic diet has been found in studies to help children with epilepsy have fewer seizures.

• Parkinson’s disease. Although additional research is needed, one study found that the diet can help with Parkinson's disease symptoms.

• Polycystic ovary syndrome. The ketogenic diet can aid in the reduction of insulin levels, which may be important in polycystic ovarian syndrome.

• Brain injuries. According to some studies, eating a healthy diet can help people recover from traumatic brain injuries.

A sample keto meal plan for 1 week

To help get you started, here’s a sample ketogenic diet meal plan for one week:

Monday

• breakfast: veggie & egg muffins with tomatoes

• lunch: chicken salad with olive oil, feta cheese, olives, and a side salad

• dinner: salmon with asparagus cooked in butter

Tuesday

• breakfast: egg, tomato, basil, and spinach omelet

• lunch: almond milk, peanut butter, spinach, cocoa powder, and stevia milkshake with a side of sliced strawberries

• dinner: cheese-shell tacos with salsa

Wednesday

• breakfast: nut milk chia pudding topped with coconut and blackberries

• lunch: avocado shrimp salad

• dinner: pork chops with Parmesan cheese, broccoli, and salad

Thursday

• breakfast: omelet with avocado, salsa, peppers, onion, and spices

• lunch: a handful of nuts and celery sticks with guacamole and salsa

• dinner: chicken stuffed with pesto and cream cheese, and a side of grilled zucchini

Friday

• breakfast: sugar-free Greek, whole milk yogurt with peanut butter, cocoa powder, and berries

• lunch: ground beef lettuce wraps tacos with sliced bell peppers

• dinner: loaded cauliflower and mixed veggies

Saturday

• breakfast: cream cheese pancakes with blueberries and a side of grilled mushrooms

• lunch: zucchini & beet “noodle” salad

• dinner: white fish cooked in coconut oil with kale and toasted pine nuts

Sunday

• breakfast: fried eggs with and mushrooms

• lunch: low carb sesame chicken and broccoli

• dinner: spaghetti squash Bolognese

Always aim to rotate your vegetables and meat, as each type delivers various nutrients and health advantages.

Keto tips and tricks

Although getting started on the ketogenic diet can be difficult, there are a few methods you can do to make it go more smoothly.

• To figure out how your favorite foods can fit into your diet, familiarize yourself with food labels and check the grams of fat, carbohydrates, and fiber.

• It's also a good idea to plan your meals ahead of time so you can save time during the week.

• Keto-friendly recipes and meal ideas can be found on a variety of websites, food blogs, apps, and cookbooks.

• Alternatively, for a quick and simple way to eat keto meals at home, certain meal delivery services offer keto-friendly selections.

• If you're short on time, look into nutritious frozen keto meals.

• If you're going to a social gathering or visiting relatives and friends, consider packing your own food, which can help you reduce cravings and stick to your meal plan.

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