Can you get a blood clot from a COVID-19 vaccine?

Health & FitnessMedicine

  • Author Craig Payne
  • Published October 2, 2022
  • Word count 560

Vaccine-induced Thrombotic Thrombocytopenia (VITT) is a very infrequent, but critical illness which got lots of news and social media commentary in the framework of vaccinations for COVID-19. The newly identified disease differs from other kinds of blood clot conditions as it's brought on with the immune system’s reaction to the COVID-19 vaccine, most commonly ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 (AstraZeneca) and Ad26.COV2.S (Johnson & Johnson). Both these vaccines are utilizing virus type vectors (the mRNA vaccines from Moderna, don’t employ this vector). Pathologically it is very similar to the autoimmune heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). Vaccine-induced Thrombotic Thrombocytopenia is believed being because of the autoantibodies which are targeted against platelet factor 4 which stimulates platelets and results in thrombosis. The typical feature is these kinds of blood clots which are generally in the brain or abdominal.

VITT generally seems to happen in 4-6 people for every million vaccine doses provided. The risk is reduced after the 2nd dose. The initial fatality rate has been up to 50% in those who developed it, but the majority do today recover when it is recognized promptly, and correct treatment began. There are no clear risk factors have been recognized, but it can seem to be more prevalent in those below the age of fifty. A past history of blood clots (such as a deep vein thrombosis) or other non-immune blood disorders are not a risk factor.

Even though the risk is extremely low, nevertheless it did put a great deal of people off getting these vaccinations and deciding on the mRNA vaccinations or simply used this as a reason for not getting a vaccine. This resulted in numerous public health professionals to promote marketing promotions to attempt to counter the negativity, talking about exactly how low the danger was when compared to the potential for dying from a COVID infection. These kinds of strategies and social media commentary brought up things such as being struck by lightning is much more likely to occur as compared to getting a clot with a vaccine.

The usual symptoms are a sustained as well as severe head ache, stomach pain, low back pain, nausea and vomiting, eyesight changes, change in mental condition, neurologic symptoms, dyspnea, leg pain and also swelling, and/or bleeding signs within 4 to forty two days following the shot of the vaccination. People that have these symptoms should have their platelet levels and also D-dimer measured along with imaging for the possible clots. The criteria for diagnosis is having had a COVID vaccination in the prior 42 days before, any venous or arterial clots, a problem generally known as thrombocytopenia as well as a positive ELISA evaluation for a problem known as heparin-induced thrombocytopenia.

Most are in the hospital for management as a result of the seriousness of the symptoms and also the possibly fatal risk from the condition. Initial management is with blood thinners (commonly a non-heparin one) along with IV immune globulin to interrupt the VITT antibody-induced platelets activation. Corticosteroids may be used in order to reduce the abnormal immune system response. Resistant cases could need a plasma exchange and additional immune drugs. On a daily basis platelet levels monitoring and clinical checking for almost any signs of thrombosis can be significant. Many cases continue doing well and will be released from the hospital when they're no longer prone to difficulties and the platelet count has stabilized.

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