Guiding Construction Management Strategy: A Theoretical Perspective

BusinessManagement

  • Author Zafar Alam
  • Published June 1, 2023
  • Word count 658

Construction management is a complex process that involves planning, coordinating, and managing the construction process from start to finish. The success of a construction project depends largely on the choice of the appropriate construction management strategy. There are five major construction management approaches, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. These include traditional construction management, design-build, construction management at risk, integrated project delivery, and public-private partnerships. In this article, we will explore how theory can guide the choice of construction management strategy for a project.

The choice of construction management strategy for a project depends on various factors, including project complexity, size, location, client requirements, and available resources. However, theory can guide the selection of the most appropriate construction management strategy. By applying theory and best practices, project teams can select the most appropriate approach and achieve the project's objectives efficiently and effectively.

One of the theoretical perspectives that can guide the choice of construction management strategy is the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK). The PMBOK provides a comprehensive guide to the best practices in project management and can be used to develop a construction management strategy. The PMBOK includes processes for project planning, execution, monitoring, and control, as well as guidelines for project integration, scope, time, cost, quality, procurement, risk, and stakeholder management.

The traditional construction management approach involves the appointment of a construction manager by the client to provide advice and manage the construction process on their behalf. The construction manager works closely with the design team and contractors to ensure that the project is completed on time, within budget, and to the desired quality standards. This approach is suitable for large and complex projects with significant risk factors. The PMBOK can guide the selection of a traditional construction management strategy by providing guidelines for project integration, stakeholder management, and procurement.

Design-build is an approach that involves the integration of design and construction services into a single contract. The client appoints a design-build contractor who is responsible for both the design and construction of the project. This approach is suitable for fast-track projects with tight deadlines and cost constraints. The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) recommends this approach for projects with high levels of complexity and tight deadlines, citing its potential to increase efficiency, reduce costs and minimize the risks.

The construction management at risk approach involves the appointment of a construction manager who assumes the risk for the construction process. The construction manager works closely with the client and design team to manage the construction process, and if necessary, takes on additional risk by providing a guaranteed maximum price for the project. This approach is suitable for projects with a high degree of uncertainty and risk. The ASCE recommends this approach for projects with a high level of complexity, emphasizing its potential to optimize project delivery and reduce project risks.

The integrated project delivery approach involves the collaboration of all project stakeholders, including the client, designers, contractors, and suppliers, in a single contract. The project team works together to achieve the project objectives, sharing risks and rewards. This approach is suitable for complex projects with multiple stakeholders and competing interests. The ASCE recommends this approach for projects with high levels of complexity, emphasizing its potential to increase collaboration and reduce conflicts among project stakeholders.

The public-private partnership approach involves the collaboration of the public and private sectors in the financing, design, construction, and operation of a project. The private sector provides the necessary funding, expertise, and resources, while the public sector provides the necessary regulatory framework and oversight. This approach is suitable for large and complex infrastructure projects. The ASCE recommends this approach for large public infrastructure projects, citing its potential to leverage private sector resources and expertise while reducing public sector risks and costs.

In conclusion, the choice of construction management strategy for a project is a critical decision that can have a significant impact on the project's success. Theory, best practices.

I am a Civil Engineer with proven skills in Site Management and Project Management. Demonstrated by a well-established professional career of over 7+ years. Across various industries including Word Fastest Railway Structures in Europe, Multi-story Car Park, High Voltage Electrical Substations and Pre Cast Type Steel Structures Buildings in the Middle East. I strongly believe in empowering teams to deliver beyond expectations with focus on Quality, Safety, Time, Cost, and Customer Satisfaction.

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