Demystifying Local Law 11: Understanding Compliance Requirements for Building Owners

News & Society

  • Author Isla Hall
  • Published June 10, 2024
  • Word count 798

Local Law 11, also known as the Facade Inspection Safety Program (FISP), is a critical regulation in New York City aimed at ensuring the safety and integrity of building facades. Compliance with Local Law 11 is mandatory for building owners, and failure to adhere to its requirements can result in fines, penalties, and potential safety hazards. In this article, we'll demystify Local Law 11 and provide building owners with a clear understanding of their compliance obligations.

Understanding Local Law 11

Purpose and Scope

Local Law 11 was enacted in response to several tragic incidents involving building facade failures in the 1980s. Its primary purpose is to mandate periodic inspections of building facades to identify and address potential hazards, such as loose bricks, deteriorating mortar, or structural deficiencies.

Inspection Cycle

Under Local Law 11, buildings taller than six stories must undergo facade inspections at least once every five years. Qualified architects or engineers, known as Qualified Exterior Wall Inspectors (QEWIs), are responsible for conducting these inspections and preparing detailed reports outlining any necessary repairs or maintenance. Hiring an experienced Exterior Restoration Contractor is essential for addressing any issues identified during these inspections. With their expertise in facade restoration and repair, these contractors can ensure that buildings remain structurally sound and compliant with local regulations.

Compliance Requirements

Inspection Report

Building owners are required to submit a facade inspection report, also known as a Cycle Report, to the New York City Department of Buildings (DOB) within the specified timeframe. This report must document the findings of the inspection, including any unsafe conditions or violations that require corrective action.

Repair and Maintenance

Based on the findings of the inspection report, building owners are responsible for addressing any unsafe conditions or violations identified by the QEWI. This may involve conducting necessary repairs, maintenance, or corrective measures to ensure the safety and stability of the building facade.

Compliance Deadlines

Building owners must adhere to the deadlines set forth by the DOB for submitting inspection reports and completing any required repairs or maintenance. Failure to meet these deadlines can result in fines, penalties, and potential legal consequences.

Ensuring Compliance

Hiring Qualified Professionals

Building owners should engage qualified and experienced architects or engineers to conduct facade inspections and prepare inspection reports. QEWIs play a crucial role in ensuring compliance with Local Law 11 and identifying potential safety hazards or structural deficiencies.

Budgeting for Maintenance

Budgeting for facade maintenance and repairs is essential for building owners to ensure compliance with Local Law 11 and maintain the safety and integrity of their properties. Allocating funds for periodic inspections and necessary repairs can help mitigate risks and prevent costly emergencies.

Monitoring and Oversight

Building owners should establish procedures for monitoring facade maintenance and oversight to ensure ongoing compliance with Local Law 11. Regular inspections, maintenance records, and communication with tenants or residents can help identify potential issues and address them promptly.


Local Law 11 is a critical regulation designed to safeguard the safety and integrity of building facades in New York City. Building owners must understand their compliance obligations under Local Law 11 and take proactive measures to ensure the safety and stability of their properties. By adhering to inspection requirements, addressing necessary repairs, and maintaining open communication with qualified professionals, building owners can fulfill their obligations and promote a safe and secure built environment for all.


What types of buildings are subject to Local Law 11?

Local Law 11 applies to buildings in New York City that are six stories or taller. This includes residential, commercial, and mixed-use buildings with exterior walls facing public spaces, streets, or sidewalks.

How often do facade inspections need to be conducted under Local Law 11?

Facade inspections must be conducted at least once every five years for buildings subject to Local Law 11. The inspection cycle is determined based on the borough and block number of the building, with deadlines set by the New York City Department of Buildings.

What are the consequences of non-compliance with Local Law 11?

Failure to comply with Local Law 11 can result in fines, penalties, and legal consequences for building owners. In addition, non-compliance poses safety risks and potential liability for injuries or property damage resulting from facade failures or hazards.

Can building owners appeal violations or penalties related to Local Law 11?

Yes, building owners have the right to appeal violations or penalties issued by the New York City Department of Buildings for non-compliance with Local Law 11. The appeals process typically involves submitting documentation, evidence, or arguments to contest the violation.

How can building owners find qualified professionals to conduct facade inspections?

Building owners can search for qualified architects or engineers with expertise in facade inspections and compliance with Local Law 11 through professional organizations, referrals, or online directories. It's essential to verify credentials, experience, and references before hiring a Qualified Exterior Wall Inspector (QEWI) to ensure compliance and quality of service.

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