• Author Ali Nurullah Bin Zainal Abidin
  • Published February 4, 2024
  • Word count 694

“Why do people procrastinate?”

“Why do we need to fight procrastination?”

Definition of procrastination

Procrastinate: to keep delaying something that must be done, often because it is unpleasant or boring (according to Cambridge dictionary).

What is procrastinate?

Procrastination is the behavior of postponing or deferring tasks, often until the final moment or beyond their designated deadlines. Some scholars describe procrastination as a "type of self-regulation breakdown marked by the illogical postponement of tasks, even when there may be adverse outcomes."

According to Joseph Ferrari, while procrastination is a common behavior, it doesn't categorize everyone as a procrastinator. I have discovered that 20 percent of men and women in the United States exhibit chronic procrastination, consistently delaying tasks in various aspects of their lives such as home, work, school, and relationships.

Procrastination encompasses an element of self-delusion. Procrastinators possess a certain level of awareness regarding their actions and the potential consequences. However, modifying these habits demands a more significant exertion of effort than simply finishing the task at hand.

Causes of procrastination

Procrastination is a complex psychological behavior that involves delaying tasks and understanding it involves examining various factors. As stated below:

Temporal discounting: Often involves a tendency to prioritize short-term pleasure over long-term goals. Watching TV or browsing social media can be more appealing than delayed gratification of completing a task.

Perfectionism: Perfectionists may procrastinate because the fear of their work may take a large amount of time to be accepted. The anxiety associated with not being able to produce a flawless outcome can leading to delayed the task.

Poor time management: Inability to manage time effectively or underestimating the time required for a task can lead to delayed starts and last minute rushes.

Lack of motivation: When individuals don’t find tasks personally meaningful or rewarding they may struggle to summon the motivation needed to begin and complete them.

Fear of failure or success: The fear of not meeting expectations or the pressure associated with success can lead to avoidance behaviors.

Depression: Feeling of hopelessness, helplessness and lack of energy can make it difficult to start and finish the simplest task. It also can lead to self doubt that make you can’t figure how to tackle a project.

Types of procrastination

Some researchers classify two types of procrastinators. Such as below:

Passive procrastinators: Delay the task because of their trouble in making decisions and acting on them.

Active procrastinators: Delay the task purposefully because working under pressure allows the to fell challenged and motivated.

Negative impact of procrastination

Procrastination can have various negative impacts on individuals, affecting both their personal and professional lives. It also includes a person’s mental health and financial well being:

• Elevated levels of stress and increased susceptibility to illness.

• Heightened strain imposed on interpersonal connections.

• Feelings of displeasure or bitterness from friends, family, colleagues, and peers.

• Outcomes of overdue bills and income tax filings.

Strategies to overcome procrastination

There are a number of different things you can do to fight procrastination and start doing things within the due.

Make a plan to-do list: This can help keeps you in the right track and doing your daily goals activities.

Start small: Break down your task into smaller or more manageable so it does not seem so overwhelming and you can do it almost immediately.

Finish things: Put an extra effort to the job that you find nearly done and get it over the line. Don’t get tempted by leave a lot of jobs that nearly finish and enjoy it.

Get rid of distraction: What ever distraction that you find it must be eliminated immediately and it may be your environment.

Self reward: Every time you finish your jobs and goals on that day, congratulate and give reward to encourage yourself to do more in the future.


In conclusion, procrastination or the act of delaying tasks, affects a significant percentage of individuals and leading to various negative consequences in personal, professional, and mental well-being. Understanding its causes, types, and implementing effective strategies is crucial for overcoming this behavior. By addressing procrastination, individuals can enhance productivity, reduce stress, and cultivate healthier relationships, ultimately improving their overall quality of life.

I’m 21 years old,


Cherry, K. (2022, November 14). The Psychology Behind Why We Wait Until the Last Minute to Do Things. Verywell Mind.

Ferrari, J. (2010). Psychology of Procrastination: Why People Put Off Important Tasks Until the Last Minute. Https://

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